French naval Wellington Mk.XIII (HZ704) of 2. Flottille de Bombardement. On August 18, 1943 this unit sunk Heine´s submarine

U-403. Photo: Chris Goss

I would like to express gratitude to Melvin Brownless, Chris

Goss and Matti Salonen for their help in the writing of this article. For more detailed research I highly reccomend books of Chris

Goss and U-Boot im Focus Nr. 5 and 9 by Axel Urbanke.



BLAIR C.: Hitler’s U-boat War (The Hunted, 1942-1945)

CULL B., GALEA F.: Hurricanes Over Malta, June 1940 - April 1942

GOSS C.: Dornier Do 17: The ‚Flying Pencil‘ in Luftwaffe

Service, 1936 - 1945

GOSS C.: Dornier Do 17: The Luftwaffe‘s ‚Flying Pencil‘

HORN J.: Über allen Fronten, Chronik des

Kapfgeschwaders 6, 1941 bis 1945

HURT Z.: Czechs in the RAF, A Photographic Album of the

Czechoslovakians That Went to War in the RAF During WWII

PATERSON L.: Eagles Over the Sea: Luftwaffe Maritime Operations 1935–1942

PATZWALL K., SCHERZER V.: Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945

RAJLICH J.: Na nebi hrdého Albionu, 1. část, 1940

THOMPSON A.: Kustenflieger: The Operational History

of the German Naval Air Service 1935-1944

Kriegstagebuch der Seekriegsleitung, 1939 - 1945, Teil A

U-Boot im Focus Nr. 9

National Archives, UK:

Combat reports Leather, Pollard, Sutton; AIR-50-173

ORB No. 611 Sq.; AIR 27-2109-27, 28

ORB No. 200 Sq.; AIR 27-1174-16


Kartei der Verlust- und Grabmeldungen gefallener deutscher

Soldaten 1939-1945 (-1948)