Sunk Escort Carriers
CVE-56 USS Liscome Bay – sunk by a torpedo
from the Japanese submarine I-175 on November 24, 1943, near Butaritari (Makin).
CVE-73 USS Gambier Bay – as mentioned earlier, sunk on October 25, 1944, during the Battle
CVE-63 USS St. Lo - sunk after a kamikaze
attack on October 25, 1944, during the Battle of
CVE-79 USS Ommaney Bay – sunk on January 4,
1945, after a kamikaze attack.
CVE-95 USS Bismarck Sea - sunk on February
21, 1945, after a kamikaze attack near Iwo Jima.
Explosion on USS ST. Lo (CVE-63) after she
was hit be a Kamikaze of Samar on October
submariners, and the mistake to reveal the
silhouette led to reports of the sinking of
an Illustrious-class carrier, which German
propaganda duly exploited.
Other British Escort Aircraft Carriers have
connections with those built in the United States,
so let's cross the Atlantic westbound and look at
the construction of the aircraft carriers in the
equipped with one catapult and one elevator
to the hangar. Its capacity was 15 aircraft with
a combination of Grumman Martlet or Hawker
Sea Hurricane and anti-submarine Fairey
Swordfish or Grumman Avenger. The operational
use of this vessel raised concerns in the Royal
Navy due to its high rate of breakdowns.
Eventually, HMS Archer was taken out of service
and later returned to the USA. It underwent
conversion into a merchant ship and continued
sailing until the 1960s when it was scrapped in
1961 after a fire.
The second ship of this class (but the first
one completed) was designated for the US Navy,
named USS Long Island, and initially marked
as AVG-1, then ACV-1, and finally CVE-1. Since
US Navy Escort
The largest production of escort aircraft
carriers during the war unsurprisingly took
place in shipyards in the United States. They
built a total of 124 ships, 38 of them were
delivered to the Royal Navy.
The first class of escort aircraft carriers
produced in the USA was named after the first
ship in the class, the Long Island. The basis for
these carriers was the hulls and engines of
standardized merchant ships Type C3 designed
in the 1930s. Between 1939 and 1946, a total of 162
of these ships were built. For conversion, the MS
Rio de la Plata and MS Mormacmaild were used.
The first completed ship supplied to the British
was named HMS Archer. It was 150 meters long,
and its wooden flight deck was 120 meters long.
It was powered by four diesel engines driving
a single propeller. The maximum speed was 16.5
knots, equivalent to 30.6 km/h. The ship was
The Long Island Class
Flight deck of USS Suwannee (CVE-27) 90 minutes after a Japanese suicide plane’s bomb had ripped a hole in it.
Hole is patched and ship is ready to land aircraft. Note that only four wires, instead of eight, are being used. All
landings were made without mishap.