Thanks to Trevor Henshaw and Greg VanWyngarden for their help in
preparing this article. If you are interested in the subject of Jasta 18,
Greg's book on this unit is something you should not miss.
1) The full name of the first unit is Grenadier-Regiment "Königin Olga" (1. Württembergisches)
Nr. 119. The honorary name was given after the Russian Grand Duchess and Queen of Württemberg, Olga Nikolayevna Romanova, who was the daughter of Tsar Nicholas I. The second unit
is Infanterie-Regiment „Kaiser Wilhelm, König von Preußen“ (2. Württembergisches) Nr. 120.
2) For more on Rudolf Bethold, see article by Richard Plos in
3) After World War I, Gurdon became a journalist and writer. His eldest son John Robert Gurdon was killed in April 1943 in a Wellington of No. 166 Squadron.
FRANKS N., BAILEY F., GUEST R.: Above the Lines
FRANKS N., BAILEY F., DUIVEN R.: Jasta War Chronology
FRANKS N., BAILEY F., DUIVEN R.: Jasta Pilots
HENSHAW T.: The Sky Their Battlefield II
RENNLES K.: Independent Force
VAN WYNGARDEN G.: Jasta 18 The Red Noses
VAN WYNGARDEN G.: Jagdgeschwader Nr II, Geschwader ´Berthold´
Chaplaincy Profile The Anglican Church of St Thomas à Becket, Hamburg
Evangelisches Kirchenbuchamt Hannover
aircraft were credited to Monnington as his fifth and sixth victories.
Monnington achieved his seventh victory on October 10th when he
shot down in flames on the enemy side of the front a DH 4, probably
from an American squadron. Thanks to Monnington, Jasta 18 scored
its last confirmed victory on October 23rd, 1918, again in combat with
No. 104 Squadron. Several German units were pursuing a formation
of twelve bombers that were about to attack rail targets near Metz.
One bomber, due to damage from enemy fighter, landed on the Allied
side of the front. The crew of 2/Lt. Case and observer 2/Lt. Bridger,
however, were wounded in combat with the Germans and fell into
captivity. The victory was claimed by Monnington and two airmen
from other units, but it was recognized as Monnington's eighth and
During the war, eight members of Jasta 18 were killed, eleven were
wounded and two were captured. However, the unit won at least 112
confirmed victories and the total may have been as high as 126. Kurt
Monnington, with eight kills, ranked fourth among the eleven airmen
who achieved ace status with this Jasta. August Raben achieved only
two aerial victories with Jasta 18 of his total of four, but he was an
outstanding commander who, in the spring of 1918, gave the unit not
only the distinctive look of its aircraft but a fighting spirit that it retained to the end of the war. In engagements with brave IAF bomber
crews, Jasta 18 achieved numerous victories with minimal losses.
Kurt Adolf Monnington married in December 1922, but the marriage
remained childless. He died of pneumonia on February 17th, 1939 in
Hamburg. The Monnington family home was hit by bombing during
World War II and most of the mementos of his air service were destroyed.
Observers and pilots of No. 22 Squadron at Vert Galand aerodrome, April 1st, 1918. Left to
right: Lt. W. S. Hilltout, 2/Lt. G. N. Traunweiser (KIA on April 15th), Capt. S. H. Wallage (10 v.),
Lt. B. C. Budd, Lt. G. S. Hayward (24 v.), Lt. Hunter, Lt. R. Critchley (7 v., KIA next day), Capt.
W. F. J. Harvey (26 v.), Lt. J. L. Morgan (12 v.), Lt. H. F. Moore (6 v.), Capt. H. F. Davison (11 v.),
Capt. J. E. Gurdon (28 v.), Major J. E. McKelvie, Lt. Berington, Capt. R. S. P. Boby, Lt. Harrison
and Capt. D.M. McGoun (9 v.). Kurt Monnington claimed Gurdon´s plane on June 5th, 1918 but
Gurdon, like in many other cases, survived.
Lt. d. R. Kurt Monnington, Jasta 18, Montoy-Flanville, France, August 1918
INFO Eduard - June 2021